Root canal (Endodontic therapy) is a treatment for repairing badly decayed, inflamed or infected tooth to prevent further infections or tooth loss.
Root canal treatment is needed when the pulp (the part at the center of the tooth beneath the enamel which is composed of connective tissue) is inflamed or infected. The cause of inflammation or infection could be deep tooth decay, repeated dental procedures on the same tooth or trauma, such as cracks, chipping or root fracture. Also, gum diseases can result in root canal problems.
There are few symptoms to look for, such as pain, prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold, sensitive to touching and chewing, swelling and tenderness in gum tissues. Sometimes, however, there are no symptoms and it would be difficult to determine the extent of the condition.
The procedure can be done in a single visit or multiple visits depending on many factors, such as the tooth is being treated, the degree of infection, patient’s compliance, etc.
The procedure is not painful and the dentist uses anesthesia during the surgery. First, the dentist will examine and take an x-ray of the tooth. Then local anesthesia will be administered.
After the tooth is numb, the dentist makes a small hole in the crown of the tooth. of Next, the infected or inflamed pulp is removed and cleans both the pulp and the root canal is cleaned. After space is cleaned, the root canal is filled with a biocompatible material and the opening is sealed with a temporary filling that is going to be removed before tooth restoration. To protect and restore the full functionality of the tooth, a crown or a similar restoration must be placed on it.
It is very successful and helps stop the pain, protect the tooth from removed, restores efficient chewing, normal biting, sensation, and natural appearance.
Sometimes, complications occur after the procedure.
For a few days after the procedure, tooth sensitivity or discomfort will occur. It can be treated with painkillers. What are the precautions after treatment?
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